The primary purpose of a Certificate of Confidentiality is to
The primary purpose of a Certificate of Confidentiality is to:
a) Prevent subjects from knowing the purpose of a study.
b) Allow law enforcement to investigate abuse cases.
c) Protect researchers from disclosing conflicts of interest.
d) Protect identifiable research information from compelled disclosure.
The correct answer is d) Protect identifiable research information from compelled disclosure.
When a person becomes a subject of the research, his or her sensitive personal data can be put under a threat. Issued by NIH and some other governmental healthcare organizations, the Certificate of Confidentiality (CoC) is a legal statement with a set of means and tools to protect personal information.
According to this document, all information provided by a subject individual must never be shared with third parties without the individual’s permission as the only way to achieve 100% confidentiality.
When an organization obtains the CoC, it has the right to protect sensitive data from legal demands established by courts, administrative, criminal, legislative, and other proceedings. In other words, the certificate gives organizations the right to refuse from complying with the court, federal, and other orders when it comes to sharing personal info. The data may include different aspects that apply to mental and physical health, law violation or illegal behavior, drug misuse, sexual attitude, and so on.
The idea of the CoC is to protect all kinds of data provided by the research participants by all means. For this reason, the only way to get certified is to be approved by the IRB.